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Calligraphy on Paulownia wood – Makoto 「誠」("honesty")

Regular price ¥35,000 JPY
Regular price Sale price ¥35,000 JPY
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The samurai believed makoto, or honesty, to be the most honourable value. It was considered to be a manifestation of the five confucian virtues combined (benevolence, righteousness, knowledge, sincerity, and propriety). 

In The Doctrine of the Mean (Zhongyong), one of the Four Books of classical Chinese philosophy, makoto is described as follow: 
"Makoto is the ultimate way sought by God, the creator of everything in heaven and earth. It is a path that one should aspire to pursue. A saint who epitomizes Makoto is one who reaches a goal without effort or hesitation, free and calmly, in accordance with the Way. Makoto is vast and profound, and its reach stretches far into the future."

Makoto was defined by Saigo Takamori (1828-1877) as "following the right path in everything, big or small. Never devise intricate schemes: many people do so when things go wrong, but success based on plotting is temporary and fades away quickly. Following the Way may appear to be a detour at times, but it is always the shortest route to success."


About kiri (paulownia)

Kiri, known in the West as paulownia, or sometimes princess tree, is a lightweight wood that has a distinctive silky surface. It offers a beautiful contrast with black ink.

Kiri were once sacred trees in China, because people believed that phoenixes only perched on their branches. Due to these revered origins, the Japanese imperial family adopted the kiri flower as one of its emblems towards the end of the first millennium.

In Japan, it was also customary to plant a paulownia when a girl was born. Later, when the daughter married, the tree would be cut down and transformed into a dresser for her kimonos.

Nowadays, kiri wood is often used to craft furnitures, music instruments or gift box.

Hanging system

This calligraphy features a set of metallic hooks and wire for hanging. These can be easily removed and replaced with your own system or frame if you wish to do so.


– Japanese kiri (Paulownia) wood
– Japanese Ink
– Oil-base permanent varnish
– Metallic hooks & wire

Shipping & Returns

Shipped within 2 to 3 business days.

Please see our shipping policy
and return policy.


Size: 35 x 35 x 1.8 cm

Weight: about 0.5 Kg

Care Instructions

Kiri is a very lightweight wood with low density and is thus delicate.
Manipulate with care and avoid collision with other objects.

The item is protected with an oil-base permanent varnish, and requires very little maintenance.

Do not display under direct sunlight.

Wood is a natural material and can warp slightly over time.

Calligraphy on wood

Custom-made Calligraphy

Can't find what you're looking for? Do you want a calligraphy of your dojo's name or your martial art's style? We accept commissions. Wide range of sizes and materials to choose from.

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